The peak forces acting on the knee even when walking can exceed our body weight and when these forces are further increased with running and jumping it is not surprising that acute knee injuries during sport or from a fall can be quite serious.
The knee depends on numerous ligaments and muscle attachments to maintain its stability and because these can be strained, or even ruptured, at the time of injury thorough assessment and rehabilitation is essential to not only resolve the acute injury but to also minimise any degenerative change that may result.
Acute knee pain can be very intense and will often result in a reluctance to bear weight on the affected leg which will impose an obvious impairment on your quality of life.
Overuse injuries are a common cause of knee pain and we provide specialised knee physiotherapy treatments at Bulleen Physiotherapy Centre including:
- Meniscus (cartilage) injuries – the two semi-circular menisci provide shock absorption between the thigh and shin bones but are susceptible to injury from twisting or shearing forces – the rate of recovery is often slow due to poor blood supply, and surgery may be required if there is repeated locking or giving way of the joint
- Ligament strains or ruptures – the anterior cruciate and posterior cruciate ligaments (ACL and PCL) and the medial and lateral collateral ligaments (MCL and LCL) stabilise the thigh bone on the shin bone – injuries to these ligaments are normally acute and traumatic especially when landing from a jump or when the knee is hit from either side, and will often result in a sense of instability in the knee
- Tendinopathies – there are over ten tendons in the knee region and injury to any of these can significantly impair knee function due to pain and inhibition – rehabilitation is as active as possible and is focused on graded strengthening of the tendon to increase its tolerance to forces whilst allowing healing to progress
- Patello-femoral joint injuries – often the result of poor alignment of the patella (kneecap) due to the effects of muscle imbalances or skeletal development – characterised by pain under the kneecap with activity or prolonged periods of knee flexion such as sitting
- Patella dislocations – also often the result of poor alignment of the patella due to the effects of muscle imbalances or skeletal development, but may also be caused by significant forces during sport or a fall